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 The Seven Layers of Earth

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PostSubject: The Seven Layers of Earth   The Seven Layers of Earth EmptyMon Jan 24, 2011 4:54 pm

The Seven Layers of Earth
The Seven Layers of Earth 27278eathf
[size=16]A Miracle of the Quran and the Prophetic Tradition

Written by Abdul-Dayem Al-Kaheel
Probing
the depths of the Earth and taking pains to uncover the secrets of its
internal structure and composition, scientists came to realize that the
old myths about the Earth are scientifically baseless. Scientists in the
twentieth century decided that the Earth consists of only three layers.
Having discovered the sphericity of the Earth, they suggested that this
sphere comprises three parts; the core, the crust which is very thin
compared to the total volume of the Earth and a third layer in between
the two called The Mantle.
[/size]


Evolution of the scientific facts
[size=12][size=12][size=12]However,
the three-layer theory didn’t hold true for long, owing to recent
discoveries in Geology. Measurements and recent tests showed that the
pressure of the material of the Earth’s core is immense and reaches
three million times the pressure at the surface.
[/size]
[size=12]Under
such pressure the material transforms into the solid state, which means
that the core of the Earth is solid and is enclosed by a liquid layer
of extremely high temperature. This also means that the core of the
Earth consists of 2 layers not just one; a solid inner core and a liquid
upper core.
[/size]
Measurement
devices developed and scientists were able to observe a clear
distinction between the different parts of the Earth’s interior. A layer
of hot rocks underneath the crust was discovered, that is the
Lithosphere. Underneath the Lithosphere are three layers distinct in
density, pressure and temperature.
[/size][/size]
[size=12]


[size=12]Having
discovered these layers, scientists found themselves dividing the Earth
into seven layers and no more. The Cut-away view below shows these
layers drawn to scale according to the recent findings of scientists.
The fact that the Earth comprises seven layers is established. It is
taught at universities and observed through seismographs and through
studying the magnetic field of the Earth.


Scientists
also found out that the atom consists of seven layers which confirms
the uniformity of the creation because the system that governs the
creation of the whole universe is one, the earth consists of seven
layers and each atom on it consists of seven layers too.

The Seven Layers of Earth Earth2
The figure demonstrates the
seven layers of the Earth. We note the thin crust then the four layers
of the Mantle increasing gradually in thickness. Next is the liquid
outer core then the solid inner core. They all add up to seven layers.


[size=12]The layers of the Earth are radically different in composition, density,
temperature and material. Hence, the Earth can not be considered as one
layer as was previously believed. The notion of the seven layers is
relatively new and didn’t exist at the time the Quran was revealed.
Scientists in the twenty-first century concluded that the Earth consists
of seven layers, but what does the Quran have to say about that?

[/size]


[/size]


What the Quran [size=12]says:
Telling of the seven layers of the Heavens and the Earth, God says in the Holy Quran:
1-He (Allah) Who created the seven heavens one above the other – [Al Mulk: 3]
2-Allah is He Who created seven heavens and the earth the like of them – [ Al Talaaq: 12]

[/size]


The
first verse is talking about two characteristics of the heavens; their
number, that is seven, and the arrangement of them (one above the other)
or ‘in layers’. The second verse asserts the similarity between the
Earth and the heavens (And the Earth the like of them), so as the
heavens consist of seven layers, the earth identically consists of seven
layers.

Let’s
ponder on (one above the other). It denotes the layering of the Earth,
and this is what today’s scientists discovered. Now we can see that the
Quran had determined the structure of the Earth, which is in layers, and
had also determined the number of these layers, that is seven. In other
words, the Quran had given a precise description of the earth’s
interior, thus it preceded the scientists of the twenty-first century by
fourteen centuries in proving this fact. Isn’t this a splendid miracle
of the Quran?





What the Hadith says:

[size=12]Pondering
on the Hadith (sayings) of Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him), we’ll find one that asserts the existence of the
seven layers of the earth concentric and one above the other. The
prophet (PBUH) said: (Whoever usurps even one span of the land, his neck will be encircled because of it with seven earths)
[narrated by Al Bukhari]. Here the prophet gave another characteristic
of the layers, encirclement, by saying (will be encircled with it) and
this is how the layers truly look like, they are concentric and each one
encircles the one underneath it.


The
question here is: Isn’t this a great miracle of the prophet? Not just
that the Hadith determines the number of the earth’s layers, seven, and
determines the arrangement of these layers, but it also bears an
indication to the sphericity of the earth.

From this article we
find that the Holy Quran and the Hadith reached these facts about the
earth long before modern science did. The Quran had given us the precise
description of the earth’s internal structure (layers one above the
other) and also had given us the exact number of these layers, seven,
while it took scientists long years of theorizing and re-theorizing to
come up with the same conclusions. So exalted be Allah who said in His
Holy Book : (And in the earth are portents for those whose faith is sure- and also in yourselves, can ye then not see) [Al Thariaat: 21-22].

[b]References:

‘Inside the Earth’- an article taken from the web site of the USGS http://pubs.usgs.gov/publications/****/inside.html
Trnslated by: Amato Allah Nada
[/size][/size][/b]
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